Job Frauds and Cyber Law

Tuesday, 28th May, 2024

1. What are Job Frauds?

Job frauds are a type of scam where criminals promise the victims lucrative jobs, often beyond their qualifications.

However, before getting the job, victims are asked to transfer money to the “company” under some pretense. Once the money is transferred, the scammers disappear.

2. Real-Life Story

A suspected job fraud went this way:

An Indian doctor got a job offer from a Denmark hospital. They promised her very attractive benefits - free transport, medical insurance, housing, etc.

She was asked to pay INR 21,578 as the Denmark Medical Council exam fee to “start the process”.

A bank account number was provided. When checked, the account actually belonged to a Rajiv Kumar in Bhajanpura, Delhi.

Fortunately, she suspected a fraud and didn’t pay!

3. Victims are made to feel

✅ FOMO - Fear Of Missing Out
✅ Greed for the high salary
✅ Excited and distracted by the offer

4. Our Secret Tips

Think: Have you applied for the job?
Research: Look up the company. Try to find out more about them.
Scrutinise: If something sounds too good to be true, it probably is.
Proofread: Grammatical errors usually indicate a scam.
Check the Email ID: Scammers often operate in the name of famous companies. They edit one or two letters in the email ID - unnoticeable but dangerous.
Withhold Payment: If someone is hiring you, they will pay. Not the other way round.

5. Cyber Law in Action

Sections of the IPC that may apply:
✅ Section 420: Cheating and dishonestly inducing delivery of property
✅ Section 463: Forgery

Sections of the IT Act that may apply:
✅ Section 66D: Cheating by personation by using computer resource
✅ Section 74: Publication for fraudulent purpose